Different research areas have been specified keeping in view the available resources, need of the institution, and expertise of the faculty. The various research areas being pursued in the department are as follows:
- Exploration of genetic variation in oilseed and leguminous crops.
- Assessment of the effects of pre-sowing seed treatment with different plant growth regulators on alleviation of the effect of salt stress on wheat and other cereal crops.
- Appraisal of hormone balance in plants raised from seeds primed with different priming agents.
- Determination of the role of plasma membrane and tonoplast ion transporters in ion uptake in plants grown under salinity stress.
- Industrial effluents and their impact on the productivity of important agricultural crops.
- Identification of physiological/biochemical markers for selection for tolerance to different abiotic stresses.
Priority Wise Research Issues
- Biotechnology for abiotic stresses
- Stress physiology
- Structural and functional genomics
- Plant proteomics
- Conservation ecology
- Exploration of medicinal plant diversity
- Phototoxicity of heavy metals
- Micro-propagation of food and forage crops
- Old Botanical Garden
- New Botanical Garden
- Departmental Library
This Department has seven functional laboratories for conducting postgraduate research. These laboratories are equipped with the latest equipment. Most of the equipment is provided through international and national co-operation. These laboratories are:
- Stress Physiology Lab.
- Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Lab
- JICA 1 Lab.
- JICA 2 Lab.
- Tissue Culture Lab
- Ecology Lab.
- General Teaching Lab
Stress Physiology Laboratory
The laboratory was established under the faculty development program funded by the Higher Education Commission, Pakistan. Selection of stress resistant lines after rigorous screening of the local and exotic germplasm is being successfully done in the laboratory. In addition, studies on the underlying physiological and biochemical attributes such as changes in ABA, ethylene, polyamines, gas exchange parameters, water use efficiency, osmotic adjustment and stress proteins responsible for stress resistance is also under progress
Two JICA labs were equipped with instruments supplied by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Japan. The research work being done in these laboratories includes physiological, biochemical and anatomical aspects of plant tolerance to stressful environments. Due attention is also being given to plant tissue culture and growth regulation in plants. Recently the department was renovated with the help of funds provided by the by the Govt.of Punjab and three more research laboratories are made for housing the sophisticated equipment procured with the funds provided by the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology.
The Department has a two well maintained Botanical Garden and experimental area as an aid to the postgraduate and faculty research. Old Botanical Garden, located at Lalazar Colony, comes from the time of the establishment of Punjab Agriculture College, Lyallpur in 1906. This garden manifests a precious collection of indigenous and exotic plants. Department has established New Botanical Garden, which is spread over an area of 13 acres of land. In this garden, some rare and economically important plants from within Pakistan and abroad have been introduced.
Updating ofknowledge is essential for the marinating standards of both teaching and research. Keeping in view the fact, the Department has established a well established library under the faculty development program. Now the library is equipped with the latest books, journal and science magazines. These efforts have certainly enhanced the quality of teaching and research in the Department.